Wednesday, February 17, 2021

RootsTech Connect 2021 - Tips for Preparing

 ROOTSTECH CONNECT 25-27 February 2021  - How to Prepare

Note: I am an official RootsTech Ambassador #RootsTechConnect

Every year genealogy enthusiasts from countries around the world, with all levels of experience and from all walks of life, gather in Salt Lake City, USA, for the world's largest and without a doubt, the most exciting genealogy conference. 

With multiple streams of classes, an enormous expo hall and numerous activities, RootsTech offers the most amazing learning opportunity for anyone interested in family history. This conference also provides an amazing opportunity for meeting like minded people and making new and often forever friends. 

The RootsTech Conference each year is truly a genealogist's dream come true, which is why since I first attended RootsTech all the way from Sydney, Australia, in 2015, I have been back every year! I also attended the first ever London RootsTech Conference. 

This year due to Covid, RootsTech has gone VIRTUAL which is very exciting. Although I am always astounded at the large number of people that RootsTech attracts in person, I am more than thrilled that over 300,000 people from around the world have registered to attend this incredible event provided FREE by FamilySearch. 

To date I know that there are over 6000 people from Australia registered, which goes to show just how far reaching a virtual genealogy conference can be. This is a huge task for FamilySearch and much gratitude must go to the organiZers of this event.

If you want to REGISTER for RootsTech Connect 2021 you can find a link to registration here.

                                                                            Some of the many friends I have made at RootsTech

To help you to prepare for RootsTech Connect I am posting links below with information about people and events. I am so thrilled with the number of people that this free event is reaching, many of whom would never have experienced this incredible conference otherwise, that I can't even be disappointed that I'm not catching up with the many great friends I have made at RootsTech over the years! Well maybe a little....

Having attended RootsTech previously and proudly being an Ambassador for the conference eight times I am going to suggest a few TIPS to help you prepare for RootsTech. 

Being organized will make your conference experience be much more fun.

Don't forget to sign up for a FamilySearch account (it's free) and download the RootsTech App on your phone or tablet. You can Find Relatives at RootsTech! We might be related.

Make sure you have the dates 25-27 February in your diary! 

Check out the full Keynote Speaker Schedule. 

                                                                                 Day one of the Keynote Speaker Schedule

Study the schedule of classes beforehand and decide which you want to attend
. Don't leave it until the day to choose, as it can be overwhelming with so many interesting classes on offer. 

This year, being a virtual conference, the schedule for the classes offered is 18 pages long! If you want to be really organized, you could make your own schedule of classes and times once you have decided.

                                                                                   Page one of 18 pages of the Class Schedule

Wherever you are in the world make sure you get the time right! RootsTech have provided this handy time converter to make sure you make it to RootsTech on time!

Have your notebooks or tablet handy for taking notes if like me you are a note taker. 

RootsTech has offered you an INVITATION TO PREVIEW THE EXPO HALL

                                                                                           The Expo Hall at a previous RootsTech

I have added links below to press releases from RootsTech so you can read all about the conference before you attend in comfort from your own home. 


NOTE Don't forget to use the official hashtag #RootsTechConnect on social media during the conference so everyone can follow the conversation.


The Road to RootsTech Episode 5
The Road to RootsTech Episode 6

Blog: 10 February 2021, Find Your Relatives at RootsTech Connect 2021,

Press Release: 1 February 2021, RootsTech Keynotes Include Grammy Winner, Pro Athletes and More,

Blog: 1 February 2021, RootsTech 2021 Presents Nick Barratt,
Blog: 1 February 2021, UVU President Astrid Tuminez a Featured Keynote at RootsTech Connect 2021,
Blog: 1 February 2021, Ladysmith Black Mambazo at RootsTech Connect 2021,
Blog: 1 February 2021, Ladysmith Black Mambazo at RootsTech Connect 2021,
Blog: 1 February 2021, World Famous Soccer Player Tita to Share His Story at RootsTech Connect,
Blog: 1 February 2021, Will Hopoate: RootsTech Connect 2021 Keynote Speaker,
Blog: 1 February 2021: RootsTech Connect Presents bless4 as Keynote Speakers and Performers,
Blog: 1 February 2021: RootsTech Connect 2021 Presents Bruna Benites,

Tuesday, January 26, 2021


 Australia Day Blogging Challenge - Climbing Your Family's Gum Tree

Hugh and Sarah White at Seventeen Mile Rocks

In 2014, my genea-friend Pauleen Cass created a 26th of January, Australia Day blogging challenge entitled "Climbing Your Family's Gum Tree". Today, five years later, on the 26th of January. 2021, I am revisiting this challenge along with other blogger friends. Here are my 2021 responses to this blogging challenge. Although I have not answered all 26 of the questions, I hope you enjoy my responses. 

My first family member to arrive in Australia was my third great uncle, convict Laurence Frayne. (Among the many convict records I have found relating to him, his name is also spelled as Lawrence.) He was convicted in Dublin, Ireland, of the theft of a piece of rope on the 25th of October 1825 and sentenced to seven years transportation to NSW. He arrived in Sydney on the ship Regalia on the 5th of August, 1826. His brother Michael, my three times great grandfather, also convicted of theft arrived in Australia in 1837 on board the ship St Vincent.
Researching Laurence Frayne's story took me to Norfolk Island to appear on Series 2, Episode 6 of Coast Australia.

I have Australian Royalty. In addition to Michael Frayne (my three times great grandfather) and his brother Laurence Frayne their brother John arrived as a convict in 1835. My third great grandfather Michael Frayne married Mary Williams, daughter of Joseph Williams or Williamson and Mary Kelly from Limerick. Mary was convicted of stealing a cloak in Limerick City and arrived in Sydney on the Sir Charles Forbes in 1837. 
I have written about my Australian Royalty on my blog Family Convictions - A Convict Ancestor

My Ancestors came to Australia from:


Did any of your ancestors arrive under their own steam? 

While obviously my convict ancestors arrived in Australia somewhat reluctantly, others came as assisted immigrants and some paid their own way to make a new life in Australia. 

My paternal grandmother arrived in Queensland in 1913 aged 11 years on board the ship Ayrshire with her parents and four siblings. The family were well to do flax farmers in Brookend, County Tyrone, but health problems dictated that my great grandfather Hugh Eston WHITE must to move away from his native country to a warmer climate. The family was  nominated by Sarah's brother Andrew Shaw THOMPSON who, via New Zealand, had also migrated and finally settled on the Darling Downs near Dalby. The family paid the full cost of the voyage for themselves and their loyal servant Lizzie who refused to be parted with them.

My paternal grandfather Colin Hamilton MCDADE arrived in Brisbane, Queensland in 1923 from Glasgow, Scotland, aged 19 years, along with his parents John McDade and Elizabeth GIBSON. All but one of his 9 siblings, a sister, Maggie, who had migrated to Illinois, USA were on the ship. According to passenger records the family paid for their voyage to Australia. 

My maternal great grandfather, Ian Cuthbert HOYES travelled by ship from Auckland, New Zealand in 1905. He changed his name and left behind a wife and child. On arrival after paying for his voyage, he became an opera singer claiming to be "the famous American tenor Leo REECE"

My maternal two times great grandfather John MORRISON was born in Aberdeen but married in Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland and worked there as a carpenter and joiner. He and his wife Elizabeth MORLEY left England with their three eldest daughters. The family can be found on the Victorian Unassisted Passenger Lists arriving in Victoria in 1878. They lived for a year in Mortlake, adding a daughter to the family. In 1879 the family moved to Strathfield in Sydney, NSW, where they had a further seven children and John became a well known builder as well as a tram and rail carriage maker. His rail carriage workshop was located at Strathfield. 

One of John Morrison's C Class tram Carriages, 1890, Tram Museum, Loftus

The following of my ancestors arrived in Australia as assisted immigrants under immigration schemes.

Jacob and Anna HABERLING arrived Maryborough, Qld, 1871, on the ship Reichstag from Hamburg with five children. 

MY g g grandmother Barbara Lena NARGAR nee Haberling with her children. She arrived aged 4 years in 1871.

My three times maternal great grandfather, Gottlieb NERGER arrived on the ship Caesar Godeffroy December 1852. He became a shepherd on the Darling Downs and later purchased a farm.

My three times maternal great grandmother, Christiana SIEGLER 20, arrived in Queensland in August 1862, from Beutelsbach in the south of Germany with her brother Gotlob17, as an assisted passenger on board the ship La Rochelle.

Mary WESTON nee TURNER was my g g grandmother. She left Suffolk, England after being widowed, and travelled to Maryborough, Qld on the ship Flying Cloud August 30, 1870 with her son Edward Joseph, aged 16 years. They were assisted immigrants.

My g g grandfather Edward Joseph Weston, born Suffolk, England, in Qld, in later life.

How many came as couples?

Great Grandparents  
  • Two couples  Hugh and Sarah (Thompson) White arrived in Queensland with five children from Northern Ireland in 1913  
  • John and Elizabeth (Gibson) McDade arrived with eight of their nine children from Glasgow, Scotland in 1923.
Great great Grandparents

 John and Hannah (Gair) Morrison  arived in Victoria with three daughters from Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland, England in 1878. 

Great great great Grandparents 

Jacob and Anna (Ryser) Haberling from Zurich and Bern, Switzerland, arrived together with their five daughters in 1870 to Maryborough, Qld. 

How many came as family groups?  Answered above.

Did anyone make a two-step emigration via another place?

I have ancestors who first migrated to New Zealand from Lincolnshire with the Albertlanders. The head of this family was a miller whose son, my great grandfather, later migrated to Queensland. Other family from Northern Ireland migrated to to the Dunedin area where they became sheep farmers and breeders. One branch of this family later moved to the Darling Downs in Queensland. 

Which state(s)/colony did your ancestors arrive?

Most of my ancestors arrived in Queensland and settled in Brisbane or Maryborough. Some settled on the Darling Downs. One family arrived in Victoria and moved first to Sydney and then to Queensland where the family lived in Ipswich and later Cooroy. One German three times great grandfather arrived in Sydney, but he was on route to the Darling Downs to work as a shepherd. 

What occupations or industries did your earliest ancestors work in?

  • My earliest English ancestors whose occupations I have researched, can be traced back as Land owners in Bix, Oxfordshire (1600's) 
  • Millers in Marston Lincolnshire (1600's) 
  • Bailiffs in Morpeth, Northumberland (1500's) 
  • Weavers in Nottinghamshire (1600's)
  • Farmers in Polstead, Suffolk and Dedham, Essex (1500's) 
  • Most of my other English ancestors from Berkshire, Leicestershire, Hampshire and other counties were farmers or Ag Labs.

My German ancestors were employed in the wine industry in the south of Germany as far back as the 1400's. A few were musicians.

My Swiss ancestors were shoemakers going back to the 1700's. Going further back I have traced the tree, but not discovered occupations as yet.

My earliest Scottish ancestors were Campbells who were land owners. My McDade ancestors were Irish Immigrants escaping the potato famine and when they arrived in Scotland circa 1840, the men worked as coal miners and the women in the cotton industry. 

I have discovered that my Northern Irish ancestors were gentlemen flax farmers back to the 1700's. 

Does anyone in the family still follow that occupation?

No one in my family has continued working in the occupation they had generations ago. 

Did any of your ancestors leave Australia and go “home”?

I suspect that a convict who disappeared may have managed to make his way back to Ireland but I am still working on this theory.


What’s your State of Origin?

I was born in and grew up in Brisbane, Queensland.

Do you still live there?

I was married in Queensland but a year later we moved to Sydney, NSW for my husband's work as an architect. I still think of Queensland as home and spend as much time as possible there.

Where was your favourite Aussie holiday place as a child?

My maternal grandmother lived at Maroochydore, very close to the beach so most of my childhood holidays were spent there. I had other holidays with my paternal grandparents at Caloundra and Southport. The Sunshine Coast was definitely my favourite place to holiday as it was like a second home to me.

Any special place you like to holiday now?

The Sunshine Coast has remained a special place for me - a place filled with wonderful memories. I have taken my own family on an annual holiday to Mooloolaba each year although this year we decided not to travel due to Covid. 

My other favourite place to holiday is Norfolk Island. 

Share your favourite spot in Oz:

Norfolk Island is probably my favourite place in Australia with its breathtaking scenery, crystal clear water, convict and other history, friendly people, wonderful food and chckens and cows roaming freely!

Any great Aussie adventure you’ve had?

My father was part owner of a resort on Fraser Island and my parents went to live there when I was a teenager. They lived at Orchid beach while my sister and I boarded, so every school holiday and on some weekends, a small  four seater plane collected us and our pilot (nicknamed Fearless Fred ( I never did find out why)  flew us from Brisbane to orchid Beach. We explored every inch of the island and swam in most of the lakes. My youngest sister was schooled on the island by a governess. For a young teenager this was quite an adventure  I was lucky enough to travel the island for a week with scientists who were examining the flora and fauna of the island. Flying back and forth to Fraser Island where the brumbies had to be shoed off the grass air strip so planes could land, definitely motivated me to learn to fly aged twenty and also to accept a two year teaching post on another island following my teacher training. 

What’s on your Australian holiday bucket list?

I would love to drive the Great Ocean Road. It is something I have had on my bucket list for some time.

How do you celebrate Australia Day?

When my children were young each Australia Day we went boating on Sydney Harbour. We decorated the boat and participated in the Australia day parade of boats after anchoring in a cove somewhere for lunch and a swim (and braving the sharks). 

One year we decorated the boat as The Barbie Boat, with Barbie dolls and pink balloons all over the boat. We played Aqua's then popular song, I'm a Barbie Girl, very loudly as the children (and adults) danced a well choreographed but possibly not as well performed dance on the boat to the music. That night, when anchored alongside other boats in Darling Harbour, although we didn't win best dressed boat with our American themed decorations we did get a very special mention and the entire harbour erupted in a cheer and we were requested to perform it again! 

The very pink Barbie Boat on a past Australia Day

Today, I regard Australia Day very differently to the way I once viewed it. I am pleased that there is a much needed conversation beginning to take place which addresses the suitability of celebrating what was really a takeover of an already occupied nation. Whilst as an historian, I appreciate this country's history and the roll that my ancestors played in it, I do believe a day of celebration for Australia as a nation today, needs to be more inclusive of indigenous history. If we are to celebrate Australia, we should perhaps celebrate the day that we became a nation, which was January 1, 1901, when the federation of Australia came into being.

Thursday, September 3, 2020



Familysearch recently made the exciting announcement that Rootstech 2021 is going VIRTUAL and perhaps the BEST NEWS of all, is that it will be FREE for everyone. 

The conference, which was previously planned to be held in Salt Lake City, will now be held on February 25-27 2021 as a FREE ONLINE EVENT. That's right - the Rootstech Conference 2021 will be FREE so REGISTER NOW at

I am thrilled to be a Rootstech Ambassador for Roostech 2021 and especially excited to be promoting this unmissable Rootstech Connect event - so watch for upcoming announcements on my social media accounts. I will be helping to keep you up to date with the latest Rootstech Connect news on  Twitter, Instagram , Facebook and here on my blog FamilyHistory4u. 


Rootstech Connect  2021, as an online virtual conference, will enable people from all around the world in all different time zones to attend this incredibly family history event. 

The Rootstech Connect Conference, as a virtual event, is intended to allow more people than ever to be able to join this global celebration of family and connection. 

This virtual conference will allow people in different time zones around the world to enjoy all the exciting features that Rootstech Connect offers -


  • Many CLASSES to choose from and classes in multiple languages
  • The opportunity to INTERACT with presenters and other attendees through live chat and Q & A sessions
  • A combination of LIVESTREAM and ON DEMAND content
  • Sessions available on demand after the conference concludes

Rootstech Connect is a genealogy event that you do not want to miss, so REGISTER right now HERE. 


Thursday, August 6, 2020



Salem Chapel, St George's St, Ipswich Suffolk [1]

In my last blog post, I wrote about how I had to rely on online research, during the worldwide Covid-19 pandemic, due to an unavoidable delay in the arrival of a marriage certificate  [2]  which I ordered from the GRO in England. 

I was following a hunch that my 4th great aunt, Elizabeth Jane Turner had married her first cousin, William Shulver in 1855  in Ipswich, Suffolk and had decided to try to prove my theory correct through online research, while awaiting the arrival of the marriage certificate from the UK in the mail. If you have missed reading the background to this post you can find it HERE.

Vintage Letters and Mail, Image in the Public Domain © ©

This week the marriage certificate of my 4th great uncle aunt Elizabeth Jane Turner and her husband William Shulver was finally delivered to my mailbox and at last, I could find out if the information on the certificate would prove my theory of a first cousin marriage to be correct.

  • Elizabeth Jane Turner was born in 1832 to William Turner and Anne Mayer Osborn [3] 
  • Elizabeth Jane Turner was 23 when she married in 1855 [4]
  • William Shulver (cousin) was born in 1838 to William Shulver and Orina Clement Osborn. [5] 
  • William Shulver  (cousin) was 17 at the time of Elizabeth Jane's marriage in 1855 [6]
  • Anne Mayer Turner (Osborn) and Orina Clement  Shulver (Osborn) were sisters, making Elizabeth Jane Turner and William Shulver first cousins [7] [8]
  • William Shulver, husband of Elizabeth Jane Turner was a WHEELWRIGHT in 1855 [9]
  • Elizabeth Jane Turner's father was a CARPENTER [10]
  • William Shulver (cousin) was a WHEELWRIGHT [11]
  • William Shulver's (cousin) father was was a WHEELWRIGHT [12]

Workshop of a wheelwright, Wikimedia Commons

In short, In needed the groom to be around 17 years of age, his occupation to be a wheelwright and his father to also be a wheelwright to be certain that he was the first cousin of his wife, Elizabeth Jane Turner.

There were two other males by the name of William Shulver born in Suffolk, whose fathers were employed as wheelwrights but they were both too young to have married in 1855. I had not included these two men in my search for potential husbands for Elizabeth Jane Turner, since they would have been aged respectively 14 years and 11 years when she married in 1855.


William Shulver, birth year 1841, baptised 25 July 1841, Kenton, Suffolk to parents John Shulver (wheelwright) and Sarah Moyse. This William was 14 in 1844. [13]

William Shulver, birth year 1844, baptised 5 April 1844, Mickfield, Sufolk to William Shulver (wheelwright) and Anna Hubbard.This William was only 11 in 1855. [14]

At the conclusion of my search, I was confident that there was only one William Shulver from Suffolk and surrounding counties (including London) who was a wheelwright and who could have married Elizabeth Jane Turner and that was her first cousin William Shulver, who would have been 17 years old at the time they married. I hoped that information on the marriage certificate would match the information below and confirm my theory that this was a first cousin marriage. 

  • William Shulver's age - 17 years [15]
  • Elizabeth Jane Turner's age - 23 years [16]
  • William Shulver's occupation - WHEELWRIGHT [17]
  • William Shulver's father - William Shulver, a WHEELWRIGHT [18]
  • Elizabeth Jane Turner's father - William Turner, a CARPENTER [19]

As soon as I studied the marriage certificate of William Shulver and Elizabeth Jane Turner, I knew fairly quickly that my hunch had been correct. Elizabeth Jane Turner had married a wheelwright named William Shulver, whose father, also named William Shulver was a wheelwright. This, in itself proved my case, since there was no other William Shulver who matched this criteria, but before I became too excited, and just in case I had thought this was going to be too easy, the certificate presented me with something unexpected.

Marriage Certificate of William Shulver and Elizabeth Jane [20]


There is undoubtedly a thrill when a paper record provides hard evidence to support your research and in this case ENOUGH all of the information on the marriage certificate did just that. The couple were married on 11 October 1855 at Salem Chapel, Ipswich, Suffolk. The groom was a wheelwright, as was his father William Shulver senior. Elizabeth Jane Turner's father, William Turner was a carpenter. 

Witnesses to the marriage were Sarah and Thomas WHITING and both Elizabeth Jane and William gave their address as Back Hamlet, Ipswich, Suffolk. [22] 

  • Elizabeth Jane Turner's father was named William Turner 
  • Elizabeth Jane Turner's father was a carpenter 
  • William Shulver, the groom, was a wheelwright 
  • William Shulver's father was named William Shulver 
  • William Shulver's father was a wheelwright 
  • The address of Back Hamlets was where Elizabeth Jane Turner's family lived in the parish of St Clements 


Back Hamlet was the address given by both the bride and groom at the time they married. This fits with the address where Elizabeth Jane Turner's family were recorded living in the 1861 census, along with her sister Sarah and her husband Thomas Whiting. Back Hamlet is a relatively short street compared to others around it - around 556 metres (1824 feet) in length and the house where the Turner family lived was opposite the grounds of Holy Trinity Anglican Church. [24]

St Clements Church, Back Hamlet (the top road from the fork), Map purchased for non commercial use,  Old Maps © [25]

I have evidence from census records that Elizabeth Jane Turner and her family lived at the address of Back Hamlet, however William Shulver also gave this address at the time of his marriage as his residence too. I knew this address did not necessarily indicate that he actually lived in Back Hamlet, and since nether he nor his mother were ever recorded as living in this parish, I doubted that it was true. He could possibly have been staying with the Turner family at the time of the marriage, since Elizabeth Jane's parents were his Uncle and Aunt. There is also an alternate explanation for William's address being the same as Elizabeth Jane's which I is what I suspect explains the address and it is that quite often couples who lived in different English parishes gave the same address to avoid the expense of payment for reading of marriage banns in both parishes. [25] 

Back Hamlet, Image Google Earth Pro [26]


It is important to take note of witnesses on marriage records as these can often be family members who help you verify that you have the correct record. I immediately recognized the witnesses for this marriage as Elizabeth Jane Turner's older sister Sarah who had married Thomas Whiting in 1845. [27]

Sarah and Thomas WHITING living with parents William and Anne Turner 1851 Census [28]

Everything on the marriage certificate identifies this wedding as being that of first cousins William Shulver and Elizabeth Jane Turner - EXCEPT for the ages of the bride and groom. I also found it puzzling that that they were not married at the Anglican Churches of Holy Trinity or St Clements, both in the bride's parish. Holy Trinity Anglican Church was situated in Back Hamlet Street almost opposite the house where Elizabeth Jane Turner and her family lived and is where their son was baptised.

  • Elizabeth Jane Turner's age was given as 20 years rather than 23 years
  • William Shulver's age was given as 20 years rather than 17 years
  • The place of marriage was Salem Chapel


If only things genealogical were always simple. Although I had sufficient details on the marriage certificate to validate my first cousin theory, there were two things inconsistent with my criteria -  the ages of the bride and groom and their unexpected marriage in Salem Chapel, a church I had not heard of any other family member marrying in.


The reason for the discrepancy in both the age of William Shulver and Elizabeth Jane Turner can only be speculated upon, however, if I had a dollar for every ancestor of mine who fibbed about their age, I would be a wealthy person! Elizabeth Jane was 23 and William Shulver 17 at the time of the marriage but both gave their ages as 20 years. Proof of age was not required to marry in 1855. For a brief period between 1822 and 1823 the requirement for a marriage was a baptismal certificate [29] but since not everyone had easy access to one, this was abandoned. In 1855 when this couple married, no proof of age was necessary [30] but at 20 years of age, they did require parental consent to marry. 

The couple were at liberty to state whatever age they wished and since both ages were recorded as 20 years, it must be assumed that they married with parental consent and that both sets of parents were aware of the union. It appears unusual that 23 year old Elizabeth Jane  Turner, who being over 21 years of age, [31] and who required no consent from her parents, lowered her age to 20 years. 

From other information on the marriage certificate, I know this is undoubtedly the correct couple, so I can only assume that the ages were incorrectly recorded as a clerical error or that perhaps William at 17 years of age, felt uncomfortable being much younger than his 23 year old cousin. I can only surmise about the reason they stated that they were the same age. Some details about our ancestors' lives can only be put into context by our historical understanding of the times they lived in and our own imagination beyond that. 


I discovered that Salem Chapel was constructed in 1812 by a Mr. Joseph Chamberlain [32] for the use of the Particular Baptist worshipers. and I was surprised by the choice of a Baptist Church for the marriage for Elizabeth Jane Turner and William Shulver. Both families had been deeply rooted in the Anglican Church for many generations and all of Elizabeth Jane's siblings married in the Anglican Church. There were two Anglican Churches in Back Hamlet - St Clement's and the smaller church of Holy Trinity in which they could have married. I explored, but could find no evidence that an underage marriage would be more easily obtained in the Baptist church than the Anglican Church and so I had to consider that  one or the other of this couple could have become a member of the Particular Baptist Church. 


Elizabeth Jane and William Shulver may well have become non-conformist worshipers, which would certainly explain their choice to marry in Salem Chapel, however, the couple being members of the Particular Baptist Church does not explain an Anglican baptism for their son the following year on 28 September 1856, at Holy Trinity Anglican Church, Ipswich.[33]

Salem Chapel, Ipswich, Suffolk,[34]

In 1851, four years prior to the 1855 marriage, William Shulver lived in Bolton Lane and Elizabeth Jane Turner lived in Crown Street both shown on the map below converging at St Margaret's Anglican Church, Ipswich, Suffolk. [35]  Not far from the Turner household was Salem Chapel, in St George's Road. The building that was Salem Chapel is marked on the map below as the Ipswich Museum which it later housed. 

Ipswich Museum, once Salem Chapel, St George's Road, Ipswich, Suffolk [36]

Since I cannot travel back in time, I must try to understand this couple within the context of their lives in the mid 19th century. The Particular Baptist Church, of which Salem Chapel was a member, did not baptise infants, since its doctrine decreed that only adult believers were to be baptised. [37] It would appear that if William Shulver and Elizabeth Jane Turner joined the Particular Baptist Church and married in it accordingly, that one or the other of the couple still wished for their son to be baptised. [38] If this were the case, then the only choice for baptism for their son, was the Anglican Church, in which they themselves were both baptised. The infant son of William and Elizabeth Jane Shulver, William Engomire Shulver, was baptised at Holy Trinity Anglican Church, Ipswich in September 1856.  [39] 

Baptism of William Engomire SHULVER [40]

Nineteenth century England saw a huge increase of interest in the theologies of the Baptist and other con-conformist Churches. [41] With this in mind, it is possible, that with a Particular Baptist Chapel in the Anglican parish of St Margaret's, in close proximity to where both Elizabeth Jane Turner and William Shulver earlier lived, that one or the other of the young couple might be attracted to its teachings. Marriage between first cousins was common in England in the mid 19th century [42] and I can find no evidence that the Baptist Church would not conduct such a marriage.

With historical context in mind, an Anglican baptism for their son could be explained by the high infant mortality rate in England's 19th century [43]  William had lost an infant sister and due to fear of the possibility of an infant death, these young parents may have sought to procure a baptism for their son. Perhaps the grandparents of young William Engmire Shulver insisted on a baptism for their grandson fearing he would die without a baptism. [44]  Another theory to explain an Anglican baptism was only one of the parents was a follower of the Particular Baptist Church and the other insisted on an infant baptism. [45]

Often we can only understand our ancestors, by understanding the times they lived in and sometimes we must fill in the gaps in information with conjecture based on our knowledge. Although the 1855 marriage certificate of Elizabeth Jane Turner and William Shulver [46] proves to me that this couple were first cousins, I can only speculate as to why this couple married in a Particular Baptist Chapel. Perhaps, with further reading about Baptist Church history, I  will better understand the lives of these first cousins who married but who lived their married lives apart.

By Pickering & Greatbatch - Pride and Prejudice A Novel by Jane Austen London:Richard Bentley.(Successor to H. Colburn)Cumming, Dublin, Bell & Bradfute, Edinburgh Galignani, Paris1833., Public Domain,


1. Salem Chapel, Ipswich, Suffolk, Google Maps
2. Marriage of Elizabeth Jane Turner and William Shulver, Oct-Dec 1855, Vol. 4a, Page 1329, England & Wales Free BMD Marriage Index, 1837-1915,
3. Baptism of Elizabeth Jane Turner, 5 February 1832, Ipswich, Suffolk, England and Wales Christening Records, 1530-1906,
4. Marriage of Elizabeth Jane Turner and William Shulver, Oct-Dec 1855, Vol. 4a, Page 1329, England & Wales Free BMD Marriage Index, 1837-1915,
5. Birth of William Shulver, 1838, Vol. 12, Page 337,  England & Wales Births, 1837-2006, Findmypast
6. Marriage of Elizabeth Jane Turner and William Shulver, Oct-Dec 1855, Vol. 4a, Page 1329, England & Wales Free BMD Marriage Index, 1837-1915,
7. Baptism of Ann Mayer Osborn, 1788, Dedham, Essex Register of Baptisms 1742-1812, D/P26/3, Image 29.
8. Baptism of Orina Clement Osborn, 24 June 1806, St Mary the Virgin, Dedham, Essex, Essex, England Church of England Baptisms,
9. Marriage Certificate of Elizabeth Jane Turner and William Shulver, 1855, Vol. 41, Page 1329, GRO
10. 1841, 1851, 1861 England Census, Ipswich, Suffolk,
11. Ibid.
12. 1841 England Census, Ipswich, Suffolk,
14. 1871 UK Census, East Bergholt, Suffolk, m
15. Baptism of William Shulver, 25 July 1841, Kenton, Suffolk, England Births & Baptisms, 1538-1975,
16. Baptism of William Shulver, 5 April 1844, St Andrew, Mickfield, Suffolk, England Births & Baptisms, 1538-1975,
17. Birth of William Shulver, 1838, Vol. 12, Page 337,  England & Wales Births, 1837-2006, Findmypast
18. Baptism of Elizabeth Jane Turner, 5 February 1832, Ipswich, Suffolk, England and Wales Christening Records, 1530-1906,
16. Baptism of William Engomire Shulver, 28 September 1856, Ipswich, Holy Trinity, Suffolk Baptism Index, Suffolk Family History Society, Findmypast
19. 1841 UK Census, St Margaret's, Ipswich, Suffolk,
20. Marriage Certificate of Elizabeth Jane Turner and William Shulver, Oct-Dec 1855, Vol. 4a, Page 1329, GRO
21. Ibid.
22. Marriage Certificate of Elizabeth Jane Turner and William Shulver, Oct-Dec 1855, Vol. 4a, Page 1329, GRO
23. Ibid.
25. Back Hamlet, Ipswich, Suffolk, Old Maps,
26. Back Hamlet, Ipswich, Suffolk, Google Earth Pro
27. Marriage of Sarah Turner and Thomas Whiting, Ipswich, Suffolk, Vol. 12, p. 530, England & Wales Marriages 1837-2005, Findmyast.com28. 1851 UK Census, Ipswich, St Margaret's. Suffolk,
29. Ibid.
27.  Marriage Allegations, Bonds and Licences in England and Wales, 
28. Back Hamlet, Ipswich, Suffolk, Old Maps,
29. Marriage Allegations, Bonds and Licences in England and Wales, 
31. Marriage Allegations, Bonds and Licences in England and Wales, 
33. Baptism of William Engomire Shulver, 28 September 1856, Ipswich, Holy Trinity, Suffolk Baptism Index, Suffolk Family History Society, Findmypast
34. Salem Chapel, Ipswich, Suffolk, Google Maps
35. 1851 England Census, St Margaret's, Ipswich, Suffolk,
36. Ipswich Museum, St George's Road, Ipswich, Suffolk, Google Maps
38. Ibid.
39. Baptism of William Engomire Shulver, 28 September 1856, Ipswich, Holy Trinity, Suffolk Baptism Index, Suffolk Family History Society, Findmypast
40. Ibid..
42.The Geography of early Childhood Mortality Rate in England and Wales, 1881-1911, Research Article, Alice Reid, Hannaliis Jaaadla, 2017, Creative Commons Licence
43.The Baptist Heritage – H. Leon McBeth, 1987, Broadman Press, USA, p. 85, JStor  
44.Births and Baptisms: The Use of Anglican Baptism Registers as a Source of Information about the Numbers of Births in England before the Beginning of Civil Registration, E. A. Wrigley, Population Studies, Vol. 31, No. 2 (Jul., 1977), pp. 281-312 (32 pages), JStor
45.The Baptist Heritage – H. Leon McBeth, 1987, Broadman Press, USA, p. 85, JStor 
46. Marriage Certificate of Elizabeth Jane Turner and William Shulver, 1855, Vol. 41, Page 1329, GRO


The geography of early childhood mortalityin England and Wales, 18811911Hannaliis JaadlaAlice Reid© 2017 Hannaliis Jaadla & Alice Reid.This open-access work is published under the terms of the Creative CommonsAttribution 3.0 Germany (CC BY 3.0 DE), which permits use, reproduction,and distribution in any medium, provided the original author(s) and sourceare given credit.See


 The geography of early childhood mortality
in England and Wales, 18811911Hannaliis JaadlaAlice Reid© 2017 Hannaliis Jaadla & Alice Reid.This open-access work is published under the terms of the Creative CommonsAttribution 3.0 Germany (CC BY 3.0 DE), which permits use, reproduction,and distribution in any medium, provided the original author(s) and sourceare given credit.See